African Civilizations

Author : Graham Connah
ISBN : 0521596904
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82.16 MB
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This major new revised edition of African Civilizations re-examines the physical evidence for developing social complexity in tropical Africa over the last four thousand years and considers possible explanations of the developments that gave rise to it. Graham Connah focuses upon urbanism and state formation in seven main areas of Africa: Nubia, Ethiopia, the West African savanna, the West African forest, the East African coast and islands, the Zimbabwe Plateau, and parts of Central Africa. Extensively illustrated and offering an extended bibliography, this book provides essential reading on the topic.
Category: Social Science

African Connections

Author : Peter Mitchell
ISBN : 0759102597
Genre : History
File Size : 40.39 MB
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From the exodus of early modern humans to the growth of African diasporas, Africa has had a long and complex relationship with the outside world. More than a passive vessel manipulated by external empires, the African experience has been a complex mix of internal geographic, environmental, sociopolitical and economic factors, and regular interaction with outsiders. Peter Mitchell attempts to outline these factors over the long period of modern human history, to find their commonalities and development over time. He examines African interconnections through Egypt and Nubia with the Near East, through multiple Indian Ocean trading systems, through the trans-Saharan trade, and through more recent incursion of Europeans. The African diaspora is also explored for continuities and resistance to foreign domination. Commonalities abound in the African experience, as do complexities of each individual period and interrelationship. Mitchell s sweeping analysis of African connections place the continent in context of global prehistory and history. The book should be of interest not only to Africanists, but to many other archaeologists, historians, geographers, linguists, social scientists and their students."
Category: History

Die Spur Der G Tter

Author : Graham Hancock
ISBN : 3404641493
Genre : History
File Size : 27.55 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Lange vor unserer Zeitrechnung gab es bereits eine andere, technisch fortschrittliche Kultur. Zu diesem Schluß kommt Graham Hancock nach dem eingehenden Studium von Karten aus dem 16. Jahrhundert, die zum Teil vermutlich auf noch älterenExemplaren basieren und auf denen der Küstenverlauf der seit Jahrtausenden mit einer dicken Eisschicht bedeckten Antarktis genau eingezeichnet ist.Wie kamen die damaligen Kartographen zu ihren Kenntnissen über eine Landmasse, die sich erstheutzutage mit den modernsten Geräten erforschen läßt? Ist es möglich, daß durch eine Verschiebung der Erdkruste Landmassen unter Wasser gesetzt wurden und damit eine hochentwickelte Zivilisation vernichtet wurde?Graham Hancock machte sichauf den Weg, diesen Fragen und ungeklärten Rätseln nachzuspüren, um überall auf der Welt Beweise zu finden, die seine Theorie stützen.
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

Author : Peter Mitchell
ISBN : 9780191626159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.77 MB
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of Death And Burial

Author : Sarah Tarlow
ISBN : 9780191650390
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
Category: Social Science

Brandberg

Author : Tilman Lenssen-Erz
ISBN : 3799590307
Genre : Art, Prehistoric
File Size : 87.11 MB
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Category: Art, Prehistoric

Egalitarian Revolution In The Savanna

Author : Stephen A. Dueppen
ISBN : 9781317543657
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.53 MB
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Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.
Category: Social Science

Schwarze Athene

Author : Martin Bernal
ISBN : 3471771700
Genre : Civilization, Western
File Size : 21.15 MB
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Category: Civilization, Western