Bones Boats Bison

Author : E. James Dixon
ISBN : 0826321380
Genre : History
File Size : 70.24 MB
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This revolutionary archeological synthesis argues an alternative model of the earliest human population of North America. E. James Dixon dispels the stereotype of big-game hunters following mammoths across the Bering Land Bridge and paints a vivid picture of marine mammal hunters, fishers, and general foragers colonizing the New World. Applying contemporary scientific methods and drawing on new archeological discoveries, he advances evidence indicating that humans first reached the Americas using water craft along the deglaciated Northwest Coast about 13,500 years ago, some 2,000 years before the first Clovis hunters. Dixon's rigorous evaluation of the oldest North American archeological sites and human remains offers well-reasoned hypotheses about the physical characteristics, lives, and relationships of the First Americans. His crisply written analysis of scientific exploration is essential reading for scholars, students, and general readers.
Category: History

First Peoples In A New World

Author : David J. Meltzer
ISBN : 0520943155
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.33 MB
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More than 12,000 years ago, in one of the greatest triumphs of prehistory, humans colonized North America, a continent that was then truly a new world. Just when and how they did so has been one of the most perplexing and controversial questions in archaeology. This dazzling, cutting-edge synthesis, written for a wide audience by an archaeologist who has long been at the center of these debates, tells the scientific story of the first Americans: where they came from, when they arrived, and how they met the challenges of moving across the vast, unknown landscapes of Ice Age North America. David J. Meltzer pulls together the latest ideas from archaeology, geology, linguistics, skeletal biology, genetics, and other fields to trace the breakthroughs that have revolutionized our understanding in recent years. Among many other topics, he explores disputes over the hemisphere's oldest and most controversial sites and considers how the first Americans coped with changing global climates. He also confronts some radical claims: that the Americas were colonized from Europe or that a crashing comet obliterated the Pleistocene megafauna. Full of entertaining descriptions of on-site encounters, personalities, and controversies, this is a compelling behind-the-scenes account of how science is illuminating our past.
Category: Social Science

Human Ecology Of Beringia

Author : John F. Hoffecker
ISBN : 9780231503884
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.1 MB
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Twenty-five thousand years ago, sea level fell more than 400 feet below its present position as a consequence of the growth of immense ice sheets in the Northern Hemisphere. A dry plain stretching 1,000 miles from the Arctic Ocean to the Aleutians became exposed between northeast Asia and Alaska, and across that plain, most likely, walked the first people of the New World. This book describes what is known about these people and the now partly submerged land, named Beringia, which they settled during the final millennia of the Ice Age. Humans first occupied Beringia during a twilight period when rising sea levels had not yet caught up with warming climates. Although the land bridge between northeast Asia and Alaska was still present, warmer and wetter climates were rapidly transforming the Beringian steppe into shrub tundra. This volume synthesizes current research-some previously unpublished-on the archaeological sites and rapidly changing climates and biota of the period, suggesting that the absence of woody shrubs to help fire bone fuel may have been the barrier to earlier settlement, and that from the outset the Beringians developed a postglacial economy similar to that of later northern interior peoples. The book opens with a review of current research and the major problems and debates regarding the environment and archaeology of Beringia. It then describes Beringian environments and the controversies surrounding their interpretation; traces the evolving adaptations of early humans to the cold environments of northern Eurasia, which set the stage for the settlement of Beringia; and provides a detailed account of the archaeological record in three chapters, each of which is focused on a specific slice of time between 15,000 and 11,500 years ago. In conclusion, the authors present an interpretive summary of the human ecology of Beringia and discuss its relationship to the wider problem of the peopling of the New World.
Category: Science

Encyclopedia Of American Indian History 4 Volumes

Author : Bruce E. Johansen
ISBN : 9781851098187
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This new four-volume encyclopedia is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource available on the history of Native Americans, providing a lively, authoritative survey ranging from human origins to present-day controversies. • Approximately 450 entries within four separate volumes • Approximately 110 contributors from among the foremost scholars in the fields, including Troy Johnson on self-determination movements, Richard King on sports mascots, and Jon Rehyner on recovery of Native languages • Hundreds of images, including illustrations, photographs, and maps • A series of helpful research tools rounding out the fourth volume, including an extensive chronology, topical bibliography, and a comprehensive index
Category: Social Science

Chronology Of The American West

Author : Scott C. Zeman
ISBN : 9781576072073
Genre : History
File Size : 58.88 MB
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Examines the critical events and major characters in the history of the American West.
Category: History

Nebraska History

Author : James Lee Sellers
ISBN : WISC:89082492380
Genre : Nebraska
File Size : 32.5 MB
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Category: Nebraska

People Of The Nightland

Author : W. Michael Gear
ISBN : 9781466815650
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 26.92 MB
Format : PDF
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New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors W. Michael Gear and Kathleen O'Neal Gear continue the story of North America's Forgotten Past in People of the Nightland, a sweeping saga of a visionary boy who led his people out of the path of one of the worst catastrophes in the history of the world, and the brave little girl who loved him enough to believe in his dream. It has been a thousand years since Wolf Dreamer lead his people up through the dark hole in the ice to a rich, untouched continent bursting with game. But the world has changed. Most of the magnificent animals are gone, and the last of the great glaciers is melting, forming a huge freshwater lake in the middle of the world. Over the centuries the People of the Wolf have split into two clans. The People of the Nightland live in the honeycomb of ice caves that skirt the glacier. The People of the Sunpath live in hide lodges to the south, hunting the few remaining mammoths, bison, giant sloth, and short-faced bear. When a young orphaned boy named Silvertip receives a vision from Wolf Dreamer that their world is about to end, no one believes him--no one except a jaded war chief and a little girl. Led by Silvertip's dream, the three of them must convince both people to leave the land of their ancestors and flee eastward as fast as they can before the Ice Giants destroy the world. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
Category: Fiction

Voyages In World History

Author : Valerie Hansen
ISBN : 9780618077205
Genre : History
File Size : 52.84 MB
Format : PDF
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The authors of VOYAGES IN WORLD HISTORY never forget that history is made up of the stories of people. Each chapter of this new text centers around a story -- a traveler’s account that highlights the book’s main theme, the constant movement of people, goods, and ideas -- locally, regionally, and around the globe. Chapter introductions are illustrated with images of the travelers and maps that show where and how he or she traveled. The travelers include rulers, explorers, poets, merchants, soldiers, missionaries and scholars, and their narratives provide a framework for each chapter and draw students into the stories of world history. Along the way, students learn critical reading skills by evaluating the traveler’s observations and attitudes. Available in the following split options: VOYAGES IN WORLD HISTORY Complete (Chapters 1-32), ISBN: 0618077200; Volume 1: To 1600 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 0618077235; Volume 2: Since 1500 (Chapters 15-32), ISBN: 0618077251. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: History

Nebraska History

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X006174237
Genre : Nebraska
File Size : 41.42 MB
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Category: Nebraska