Early Mesopotamia

Author : Nicholas Postgate
ISBN : 9781136788628
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.22 MB
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The roots of our modern world lie in the civilization of Mesopotamia, which saw the development of the first urban society and the invention of writing. The cuneiform texts reveal the technological and social innovations of Sumer and Babylonia as surprisingly modern, and the influence of this fascinating culture was felt throughout the Near East. Early Mesopotamia gives an entirely new account, integrating the archaeology with historical data which until now have been largely scattered in specialist literature.
Category: Social Science

The Ancient Mesopotamian City

Author : Marc Van De Mieroop
ISBN : 0191588458
Genre :
File Size : 83.29 MB
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Urban history starts in ancient Mesopotamia. In this volume Marc Van De Mieroop examines the evolution of the very earliest cities which, for millennia, inspired the rest of the ancient world. The city determined every aspect of Mesopotamian civilization, and the political and social structure, economy, literature, and arts of Mesopotamian culture cannot be understood without acknowledging their urban background. - ;Urban history starts in ancient Mesopotamia: the earliest known cities developed there as the result of long indigenous processes, and, for millennia, the city determined every aspect of Mesopotamian civilization. Marc Van De Mieroop examines urban life in the historical period, investigating urban topography, the role of cities as centres of culture, their political and social structures, economy, literature, and the arts. He draws on material from the entirety of Mesopotamian history, from c. 3000 to 300 BC, and from both Babylonia and Assyria, arguing that the Mesopotamian city can be regarded as a prototype that inspired the rest of the ancient world and shared characteristics with the European cities of antiquity. -
Category:

Geschichte Des Alten Orients Bis Zur Zeit Alexanders Des Grossen

Author : Klaas R. Veenhof
ISBN : 3525516851
Genre : History
File Size : 55.8 MB
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Knapp, prazise und auf dem neuesten Wissensstand informiert diese Geschichte des Alten Orients Spezialisten wie Laien uber den Verlauf der Geschichte in Agypten, Mesopotamien, Kleinasien, Syrien und Palastina vom 3. Jahrtausend v.Chr. bis zum Ende des Groareichs der Achameniden (550-330 v.Chr.). Im Mittelpunkt steht die den schriftlichen Quellen entnommene politische Geschichte. Dank groaer Fortschritte auf archaologischem und epigrafischem Gebiet lassen sich aber auch okonomische, gesellschaftliche und religiose Entwicklungen aufzeigen. Das Buch zeichnet sich durch eine klare Gliederung der gewaltigen Stoffmenge aus. Die chronologisch angeordneten Kapitel sind nach Gebieten unterteilt. Eine kapitelweise Lekture informiert somit uber einzelne Epochen; folgt man den Kapiteluntergliederungen, erhalt man fortlaufende Geschichtsdarstellungen einzelner Lander. Zehn Zeittafeln vermitteln einen soliden Uberblick; wer sich umfassender mit der Materie beschaftigen will, wird die allgemeine Bibliografie und die nach Themen geordneten Literaturzusammenstellungen als wahre Fundgruben schatzen.Ubersetzung von De Wereld van de Bijbel, Bijbels Handboek Deel I, Kampen 2. Auflage 1986 (fur die deutsche Ausgabe uberarbeitet und aktualisiert).
Category: History

Im Namen Gottes

Author : Karen Armstrong
ISBN : 9783629320629
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75.7 MB
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In ihrem neuen Buch "Im Namen Gottes" nimmt die Autorin erstmals die Geschichte und Gegenwart von Judentum, Christentum und Islam in Bezug auf religiöse Gewalt in den Blick. Karen Armstrong geht den Ursachen dieser Gewalt auf den Grund. Das Ergebnis ihrer Untersuchung: Jahrtausendelang waren Politik und Religion ineinander verwoben. Die Trennung von Politik und Religion in der Neuzeit konnte die Gewalt nicht eindämmen. Mit ihrer Analyse schafft Karen Armstrong die Grundlagen für das Verständnis der aktuellen internationalen Konflikte, die von politischen, wirtschaftlichen, kulturellen und religiösen Interessen beherrscht sind. »Geistreich, informativ und nachdenklich: Karen Armstrong versteht es, komplexe Zusammenhänge einfach darzustellen, aber sie vereinfacht nicht.« New York Times Book Review
Category: Religion

Stele Und Legende

Author : Michael Haul
ISBN : 9783941875111
Genre : Akkadian language
File Size : 75.94 MB
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Überlieferte Originalstelen mit Inschriften der großen Könige Sargon und Narām-Sîn von Akkade, die im 23. Jahrhundert v. Chr. als erste ein Weltreich eroberten, sowie mündlich tradierte Sagen haben diesen beiden Königen einen herausragenden Stellenwert in der historischen Erinnerung der Babylonier und Assyrer verschafft. Dies führte zu einer Reihe erzählender Werke, die zum Teil wie echte Heldenlieder gestaltet sind, zum Teil sich aber auch als authentische Königsinschriften gebärden. Das Verständnis dieser heterogenen Textgruppe in verschiedenen Fragerichtungen zu erhellen, ist das Ziel vorliegender Studie. Zu den Fragestellungen gehören die Bestimmung der Gattungen, denen die Texte angehören, und ihre Scheidung von den authentischen Königsinschriften, die durch das Merkmal der Fiktionalität gekennzeichnet ist. Des Weiteren soll die zum Teil hohe literarische Qualität dieser Werke herausgearbeitet werden. Schließlich wird untersucht, inwiefern sich an diesen Werken die Mechanismen und Bedingungen ihrer Überlieferung ablesen lassen, ob sie Spuren eines mündlichen Sargon- und Narām-Sîn-Sagenschatzes aufweisen und welche literarischen Funktionen sie erfüllten.
Category: Akkadian language

Ancient Mesopotamia

Author : Susan Pollock
ISBN : 0521575680
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.7 MB
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Innovative study of the early state and urban societies in Mesopotamia, c. 5000 to 2100 BC.
Category: Social Science

A History Of The Laws Of War Volume 2

Author : Alexander Gillespie
ISBN : 9781847318626
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.5 MB
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This unique new work of reference traces the origins of the modern laws of warfare from the earliest times to the present day. Relying on written records from as far back as 2400 BCE, and using sources ranging from the Bible to Security Council Resolutions, the author pieces together the history of a subject which is almost as old as civilisation itself. The author shows that as long as humanity has been waging wars it has also been trying to find ways of legitimising different forms of combatants and ascribing rules to them, protecting civilians who are either inadvertently or intentionally caught up between them, and controlling the use of particular classes of weapons that may be used in times of conflict. Thus it is that this work is divided into three substantial parts: Volume 1 on the laws affecting combatants and captives; Volume 2 on civilians; and Volume 3 on the law of arms control. This second book on civilians examines four different topics. The first topic deals with the targetting of civilians in times of war. This discussion is one which has been largely governed by the developments of technologies which have allowed projectiles to be discharged over ever greater areas, and attempts to prevent their indiscriminate utilisation have struggled to keep pace. The second topic concerns the destruction of the natural environment, with particular regard to the utilisation of starvation as a method of warfare, and unlike the first topic, this one has rarely changed over thousands of years, although contemporary practices are beginning to represent a clear break from tradition. The third topic is concerned with the long-standing problems of civilians under the occupation of opposing military forces, where the practices of genocide, collective punishments and/or reprisals, and rape have occurred. The final topic in this volume is about the theft or destruction of the property of the enemy, in terms of either pillage or the intentional devastation of the cultural property of the opposition. As a work of reference this set of three books is unrivalled, and will be of immense benefit to scholars and practitioners researching and advising on the laws of warfare. It also tells a story which throws fascinating new light on the history of international law and on the history of warfare itself. 'The law impacts on modern military operations at all levels. The importance of understanding the influence of international law, and the constraints, which it places upon the conduct of armed conflict, is an essential area of study. Dr Alexander Gillespie's three volume work traces the development and scope of this law from the earliest times through the modern day. In doing so he identifies constant themes and common principles in the law, as well, unfortunately, as all too common breaches. Commanders and historians, as well as lawyers, will find this book of great value. It is written in a practical and useful style and brings to light many fascinating examples of the law at work in times of war from which contemporary lessons can be learned'. Brigadier Kevin Riordan, Director General of Defence Legal Services for the New Zealand Defence Forces. 'The span of scholarship on offer in these volumes is astonishingÂ?an extraordinary gathering of historical and legal materials many of which record the most sombre and tragic events of human history - war in all its terrible forms.' Rt Hon Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Former Prime Minister of New Zealand 'At a time of real challenge, Alexander Gillespie is to be commended for his monumental and significant contribution to our understanding of the context, practice and principles that govern war and armed conflict. This vital book is an indispensable part of any library, and will be a necessary resource for governments, NGOs, international organisers, academics and lawyers involved in the issues.' Professor Philippe Sands QC, University College London 'This is a comprehensive and comprehensible account of the laws of, against and about war. It is both authoritative and accessible - Alexander Gillespie's great achievement is to provide a map for a better future, in which the inevitable horrors of armed conflict are recognised and minimised, and those who instigate them unlawfully are punished by international courts. This is a must-read for all concerned to ensure that war laws do not end up in the graveyard of good words.' Geoffrey Robertson QC, founder and head of Doughty Street Chambers, author of Crimes Against Humanity (Penguin and The New Press)
Category: Law

Economy And Society In Northern Babylonia In The Early Old Babylonian Period Ca 2000 1800 Bc

Author : Anne Goddeeris
ISBN : 9042911239
Genre : History
File Size : 28.98 MB
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Early Old Babylonian economy and society are analyzed in this volume. The first part presents all the relevant cuneiform documents published before 2002, about 1200 in number. As far as possible, the texts are situated in their original archival context. A short summary of the content of each of them is given and, if necessary, there is an accompanying discussion of specific problems. Each reconstructed archive is followed by a description of the activities recorded in it and by a study of its protagonists. A family tree is often added to clarify the history of the archive. In the second part of the volume, the data presented in the archival study are integrated in a comprehensive analysis of the early Old Babylonian economy. Aspects of economy, such as land and labor management, trade, crafts and credit are evaluated and situated in their specific historical context.
Category: History

Western Civilization A Brief History

Author : Jackson Spielvogel
ISBN : 9780495571476
Genre : History
File Size : 64.51 MB
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This brief, best-selling Western civilization text has helped thousands of students learn about the world they live in by exploring the story of its past. Jack Spielvogel’s engaging, chronological narrative and extensive inclusion of primary source documents, weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. While the single-author narrative makes it easy for students to follow the story of Western civilization, Spielvogel’s use of maps and primary sources--including official documents, poems, and songs--truly enlivens the past while introducing students to the challenges involved in interpreting history. And now, an optional robust interactive eBook is available to bundle with the text or use stand-alone. Students will have access to online practice tests, interactive maps, primary sources, MP3 chapter summaries, and more. Available in the following split options: WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY, Seventh Edition (Chapters 1-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-57147-6; Volume I: To 1715, Seventh Edition (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 978-0-495-57148-3; Volume II: Since 1500, Seventh Edition (Chapters 13-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-57149-0. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: History

Western Civilization A Brief History

Author : Jackson Spielvogel
ISBN : 9780495099734
Genre : History
File Size : 81.19 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Put the world today into context by learning about the past through this brief, best-selling Western Civilization text that has helped thousands of students succeed in the course. Jack Spielvogel's engaging style of writing weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. You will also be exposed to primary source documents - actual historical documents that are the foundation for the historical analysis you read in the chapter. These documents include letters, poems, and songs through history-documents that actually enliven the past. Throughout the book there are also helpful tools to help you digest the reading including outlines, chronologies, numerous maps and key terms with definitions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: History