Interaction Ritual

Author : Erving Goffman
ISBN : 9781351512077
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.69 MB
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"Not then, men and their moments. Rather, moment and their men," writes Erving Goffman in the introduction to his groundbreaking 1967 Interaction Ritual, a study of face-to-face interaction in natural settings, that class of events which occurs during co-presence and by virtue of co-presence. The ultimate behavioral materials are the glances, gestures, positionings, and verbal statements that people continuously feed into situations, whether intended or not. A sociology of occasions is here advocated. Social organization is the central theme, but what is organized is the co-mingling of persons and the temporary interactional enterprises that can arise therefrom. A normatively stabilized structure is at issue, a "social gathering," but this is a shifting entity, necessarily evanescent, created by arrivals and killed by departures. The major section of the book is the essay "Where the Action Is," drawing on Goffman's last major ethnographic project observation of Nevada casinos. Tom Burns says of Goffman's work "The eleven books form a singularly compact body of writing. All his published work was devoted to topics and themes which were closely connected, and the methodology, angles of approach and of course style of writing remained characteristically his own throughout. Interaction Ritual in particular is an interesting account of daily social interaction viewed with a new perspective for the logic of our behavior in such ordinary circumstances as entering a crowded elevator or bus." In his new introduction, Joel Best considers Goffman's work in toto and places Interaction Ritual in that total context as one of Goffman's pivotal works: "His subject matter was unique. In sharp contrast to the natural tendency of many scholars to tackle big, important topics, Goffman was a minimalist, working on a small scale, and concentrating on the most mundane, ordinary social contacts, on everyday life.'"
Category: Psychology

Text Und Gespr Chslinguistik Linguistics Of Text And Conversation 2 Halbband

Author : Klaus Brinker
ISBN : 9783110194227
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 37.88 MB
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Das Handbuch geht aus von der Zweiteilung linguistisch-kommunikationswissenschaftlicher Gegenstände in "Text" und "Gespräch" und unterscheidet zwischen einer "Textlinguistik" (1. Halbband) und einer "Gesprächslinguistik" (2. Halbband). Die beiden Halbbände des Handbuchs sind so gestaltet, dass sie sich in ihrer Gliederung weitgehend entsprechen. Dadurch sollen die bei aller Unterschiedlichkeit bestehenden Zusammenhänge zwischen schriftkonstituierter monologischer Kommunikation (Text) und mündlich konstituierter dialogischer Kommunikation (Gespräch) deutlicher hervortreten und die Orientierung des Benutzers erleichtert werden. Die Hauptaufgaben des Handbuchs bestehen darin, den Forschungsstand und die Forschungsentwicklung in diesem komplexen Gebiet auf internationaler Ebene zu repräsentieren, die grundlegenden text- und gesprächsbezogenen Methoden zu explizieren, die wesentlichen Aspekte der Konstitution und der Typologisierung von Texten und Gesprächen zu behandeln sowie den Bezug der Text- und Gesprächslinguistik zu anderen Disziplinen und bestimmten Praxisfeldern darzustellen.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies In Symbolic Interaction

Author : Norman K. Denzin
ISBN : 9780857243614
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 79.74 MB
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The essays in this bi-annual series consist of original research and theory within the general sociological perspective known as symbolic interactionism. Longer than conventional journal-length articles, the essays wed mico and macro concerns within a qualitative, ethnographic, autoethnographic and performance studies orientation. International in scope, the series draws upon the work of urban ethnographers, interpretive, constructionist, ethnomethodological, critical race, postcolonial, feminist, queer, and cultural studies traditions.
Category: Psychology

Status Power And Ritual Interaction

Author : Professor Theodore D Kemper
ISBN : 9781409494607
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.55 MB
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Sociologists Émile Durkheim, Erving Goffman and Randall Collins broadly suppose that ritual is foundational for social life. By contrast, this book argues that ritual is merely surface, beneath which lie status and power, the behavioral dimensions that drive all social interaction. Status, Power and Ritual Interaction identifies status and power as the twin forces that structure social relations, determine emotions and link individuals to the reference groups that deliver culture and administer preferences, actions, beliefs and ideas. An especially important contention is that allegiance to ideas, even those as fundamental as the belief that 1 + 1 = 2, is primarily faithfulness to the reference groups that foster the ideas and not to the ideas themselves. This triggers the counter-intuitive deduction that the self, a concept many sociologists, social psychologists and therapists prize so highly, is feckless and irrelevant. Status-power theory leads also to derivations about motivation, play, humor, sacred symbols, social bonding, creative thought, love and sex and other social involvements now either obscure or misunderstood. Engaging with Durkheim (on collective effervescence), Goffman (on ritual-cum-public order) and Collins (on interaction ritual), this book is richly illustrated with instances of how to examine many central questions about society and social interaction from the status-power perspective. It speaks not only to sociologists, but also to anthropologists, behavioral economists and social and clinical psychologists - to all disciplines that examine or treat of social life.
Category: Social Science

Mi Verst Ndnisse In Gespr Chen

Author : Volker Hinnenkamp
ISBN : 9783322832894
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.66 MB
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Mißverständnisse sind allgegenwärtig. Sie können zu Flugzeugabstürzen führen und ungewollte politische Prozesse in Gang setzen. Vor allem aber begegnen wir ihnen in der alltäglichen Kommunikation, im Kleinsten und Allerkleinsten. Von welcher Art Mißverständnisse in alltäglichen Gesprächen sind, steht im Mittelpunkt dieser auf authentischen Mißverständnisgesprächen beruhenden Untersuchung. Mißverständnisse sind offen, verdeckt und mitunter unentdeckbar. Dann bleibt die Illusion des Verstehens bis auf weiteres bestehen. Doch weisen die meisten Mißverständnisse eine interaktiv geregelte Struktur auf. Sie sind nicht unabhängig von der interaktiven Leistung der Gesprächspartner und bilden eigenständige Sequenzen. Mißverständnisse leisten systematische Offenbarungsarbeit des Verstehensprozesses und zeigen, daß an jedem möglichen Punkt des Kommunikationsprozesses das gemeinsame Wissen hinterfragt werden kann.
Category: Social Science

Explaining Political Judgement

Author : Perri 6
ISBN : 9781139503198
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.28 MB
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What is political judgement? Why do politicians exhibit such contrasting thought styles in making decisions, even when they agree ideologically? What happens when governments with contrasting thought styles have to deal with each other? In this book Perri 6 presents a fresh, rigorous explanatory theory of judgement, its varieties and its consequences, drawing upon Durkheim and Douglas. He argues that policy makers will understand - and misunderstand - their problems and choices in ways that reproduce their own social organisation. This theory is developed by using the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 as an extended case study, examining the decision-making of the Kennedy, Castro and Khrushchev regimes. Explaining Political Judgement is the first comprehensive study to show what a neo-Durkheimian institutional approach can offer to political science and to the social sciences generally.
Category: Political Science

Bibliographie

Author : Gert Ueding
ISBN : 9783110354164
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.70 MB
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Volume 12, the final volume of Historisches Wörterbuch der Rhetorik, provides a rich and extensive bibliography (sources and research).
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines