Natural Capitalism

Author : Paul Hawken
ISBN : 1853834610
Genre : Capitalism
File Size : 68.91 MB
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The first Industrial Revolution inaugurated 200 years of unparalleled material development for humankind. But the costs and the consequences are now everywhere evermore apparent: the living systems on which we depend are in retreat. Forests, topsoil, grasslands, wetlands, oceans, coral reefs, the atmosphere, aquifers, tundra and biodiversity are limiting factrs - the natural capital on which all economic activity depends. And they are all in decline. Add to that a doubling of the world's population and a halving of available per capita resources in the first 50 years of the 21st century and the inevitability of change is clear.This work offers forms of industry and commerce that can not only enhance enormously the wellbeing of the world's growing population, but will reverse the destruction and pollution of nature and restore the natural processes so vital to the future.The book introduces four central and interrelated strategies necessary to perpetuate abundance, avert scarcity and deliver a solid basis for social development. The first of these is: Radical Resource Productivity - getting two, four, or even ten times as much from the same quantities of materials and energy. A revolution in efficiency that provides the most immediate opportunities for businesses to grow and prosper.The second strategy is: Ecological Redesign - eliminating the very idea of waste by designing industrial systems on the model of ecological ones. Instead, for example, of digging merals out of the ground only to return them to landfill at the end of the product cycle, industrial processes will be designed to reuse materials constantly, in closed circles.The third strategy involves creating: A Service and Flow Economy - shifting from an economy of goods and purchases to one of service and flow, and redefining the relationship between producer and consumer. Affluence will no longer be measured by acquisition and quantity, but by the continuous receipt of quality, utility and performance.The final strategy is: Investing in Natural capital - reversing the worldwide ecosystem destruction to restore and expand the stocks of natural capital. If industrial systems are to supply an increasing flow of services in the future, the vital flow of services from living systems will have to be maintained or increased as well.
Category: Capitalism

Natural Capitalism

Author : Paul Hawken
ISBN : 9781134033065
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.95 MB
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This interdisciplinary volume explores art, its development, and its role in the construction of knowledge. Presenting theory and research on artistic development as a cultural and creative endeavor, contributors examine the origins of human art during the Paleolithic cultural revolution, as part of a modern cultural transformation, in the growth of a creative artist, and in developing children. Target chapters expressing the disciplinary perspectives of psychology, archaeology, communications, education, and the performing arts are followed by commentaries from internationally acclaimed scholars of human development. Part 1 explores how cultures harness and exploit the arts to give expression to values, social practices, and traditions. This section traces the emergence of new art forms that arose during social unrest, including the symbolization of spiritual beliefs expressed on the walls of Paleolithic caves, and the racial identity and cultural values expressed in the media of the hip-hop generation. Part 2 examines the journeys of a composer and a group of students to highlight the process of becoming an artist and the role education plays in its development. The book concludes with a focus on the development of aesthetic appreciation and artistic activity in childhood and adolescence, including, for example, how a child s developing theory of mind affects appreciation for the arts, and how developing empathy and emotional regulation contribute to the cognitive and affective underpinnings of acting in adolescence. As a whole contributors explore the developmental, sociocultural, and evolutionary processes that make the creation and experience of art possible. Intended for researchers and advanced students in both human development and the arts, this book will also serve as a textbook for advanced courses on psychology and the arts and/or special topics courses in cognitive and/or human development."
Category: Business & Economics

Oko Kapitalismus

Author : Paul Hawken
ISBN : 140003941X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.78 MB
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In "Oko- Kapitalismus, three top strategists show how leading hedge companies are practicing "a new type of industrialism" that is more efficient and profitable, while saving the environment and creating jobs. Paul Hawken and Amory and Hunter Lovins write that in the next century cars will get 200 miles per gallon without compromising safety and power, manufacturers will relentlessly recycle their products, and the world's standard of living will jump without further damaging natural resources. "Is this the vision of a utopia? In fact, the changes described here could come about in the decades to come as the result of economic and technological trends already in place," the authors write. Die Wirtschaftsstragien der Zukunft werden sich an der effizienten Nutzung natuerlicher Ressourcen orientieren. Sie werden damit nicht nur umweltbedingte und soziale Probleme loesen, sondern auch Wohlstand bringen. Seit Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts haben wir Menschen die Natur in groesserem Umfang zerstoert als in allen historischen Epochen davor. Saemtliche lebenden Systeme, die Waelder und Grasflaechen, die Savannen und Steppen, die Fluesse und Meere, die Korallenriffe und die Atmosphaere befinden sich in einem Zustand hoechster Gefaehrdung. Nicht nur die erneuerbaren Ressourcen drohen sich zu erschoepfen, das Leben selbst befindet sich auf dem Rueckzug. Wir laufen Gefahr, das natuerliche Kapital der Erde zu verlieren. Fuer Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins offenbaren sich in dieser Entwicklung die Schatten der industriellen Revolution des 19. Jahrhunderts, die zwar zu einer ungeheuren Steigerung der Produktivitaet des einzelnen fuehrte, am Ende jedoch in einen Krieg gegen die Naturmuendete. Was die Autoren fordern, ist ein radikales Umdenken in Richtung auf eine neue Form des Wirtschaftens, in der die Dienstleistungen der Natur nicht ignoriert werden. Die Dienste, die uns die natuerlichen Systeme leisten, sind vielfaeltig. Ein Wald etwa liefert nicht nur Holz. Er bindet auch Kohlendioxid, schuetzt vor UEberschwemmungen, speichert Naehrstoffe in seinem Boden und vieles mehr. Dass wir uns verhalten haben, als waeren diese Dienste wertlos, fuehrt zu einem grossen Desaster. In Wahrheit naemlich ist der Wert dieser Dienstleistungen geradezu unendlich. Keine Technik kann das lebenserhaltende, hochintelligente und komplexe System des Planeten ersetzen. Wuerden wir jedoch tatsaechlich einen Preis ansetzen, dann beliefe sich der Wert der Dienstleistungen des natuerlichen Kapitalstocks, der jedes Jahr direkt in die Gesellschaft fliesst, auf 33 Billionen Dollar. Der natuerliche Kapitalstock selbst waere mit 400 bis 500 Billionen Dollar zu veranschlagen. Aus diesen Zahlen wird deutlich, wie verantwortungslos und verschwenderisch wir in der Vergangenheit gewirtschaftet haben. Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins stellen dem industriellen Kapitalismus ihr Konzept des Oko-Kapitalismus gegenueber, in dem allen Formen des Kapitals ein Wert zuerkannt wird. Die Dienstleistungen der Umwelt sind in diesem System kein zu vernachlaessigender Produktionsfaktor mehr, sondern werden als die Basis angesehen, die den gesamten Wirtschaftsprozess aufrechterhaelt. Innerhalb von 50 Jahren koennten sich der Lebensstandard weltweit verdoppeln, der Ressourcenverbrauch um 80 Prozent zurueckgehen, der Kohlendioxidgehalt der Atmosphaere zum ersten Mal seit 200 Jahren sinken und Arbeit fueralle geschaffen werden. Was die Autoren beschreiben, ist kein Utopia, sondern eroeffnet sich als reale Moeglichkeit. So wie es vor 300 Jahren als unmoeglich angesehen worden waere, dass ein Mensch die Arbeit von hundert vollbringen kann, so mag es heute unrealistisch erscheinen, dass wir die Produktivitaet unserer Ressourcen um den Faktor Hundert steigern koennen. Und doch gibt es bereits Ansaetze fuer diese neue industrielle Revolution. In ihrem Buch haben die Autoren eine enorme Fuelle von Beispielen zusammengetragen, die zeigen, dass ein effizientes Wirtschaften moeglich ist. Sie berichten von technischen Innovationen sowie von neuen Formen der Organisation und der Produktion. Anhand von Konzepten und Loesungsvorschlaegen legen sie dar, wie industrielle Prozesse in Kreislaeufen gestaltet werden koennen, die weit ueber das blosse Recyceln von Altpapier und Glas hinausgehen.
Category: Business & Economics

Die Dritte Industrielle Revolution

Author : Jeremy Rifkin
ISBN : 9783593394527
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.27 MB
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Nach den Umstürzen in der Arabischen Welt und der Atomkatastrophe von Japan steht fest: Wir brauchen eine Abkehr von fossilen Energien und mit Atomkraft ist die Wende nicht zu machen. Kanzlerin Merkel will Deutschland zum Ökostromland umbauen, doch der Ausstieg aus der Kernenergie hat seinen Preis für Bürger, Unternehmen und die Politik. Er wird die Fundamente der Gesellschaft verändern. Schon heute entstehen Tag für Tag ganze Stadtteile, in denen eine neue Ära von Mobilität, Wohnen, Bildung und Energiegewinnung Wirklichkeit wird – und Jeremy Rifkin ist ihr Chefplaner. Er berichtet von den Begegnungen mit den Topmanagern großer Konzerne wie IBM, Siemens, EnBW, Daimler und nimmt den Leser mit in die Hinterzimmer von Spitzenpolitikern wie Angela Merkel, David Cameron oder Romano Prodi, wo er unermüdlich für eine neue Welt eintritt. Sein Buch ist der faszinierende Werkstattbericht eines Insiders über Zukunftstechnologien, die grüne Exportschlager werden können.
Category: Political Science

Whole System Design

Author : Peter Stasinopoulos
ISBN : 9781849773775
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 34.69 MB
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Whole System Design is increasingly being seen as one of the most cost-effective ways to both increase the productivity and reduce the negative environmental impacts of an engineered system. A focus on design is critical as the output from this stage of the project locks in most of the economic and environmental performance of the designed system throughout its life which can span from a few years to many decades. Indeed it is now widely acknowledged that all designers - particularly engineers architects and industrial designers - need to be able to understand and implement a whole system design approach. This book provides a clear design methodology based on leading efforts in the field and is supported by worked examples that demonstrate how advances in energy materials and water productivity can be achieved through applying an integrated approach to sustainable engineering. Chapters 1-5 outline the approach and explain how it can be implemented to enhance the established Systems Engineering framework. Chapters 6-10 demonstrate through detailed worked examples the application of the approach to industrial pumping systems passenger vehicles electronics and computer systems temperature control of buildings and domestic water systems. Published with The Natural Edge Project the World Federation of Engineering Organizations UNESCO and the Australian Government.
Category: Architecture

Green Remodeling

Author : David R. Johnston
ISBN : 0865714983
Genre : House & Home
File Size : 20.79 MB
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An encyclopedic how-to of all you need to make your home green
Category: House & Home

Die Vier In Einem Perspektive

Author : Frigga Haug
ISBN : 3886193365
Genre : Frauenemanzipation
File Size : 20.74 MB
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Es ist an der Zeit, aus den falschen Alternativen, die Politik lähmen und langweilig machen, auszubrechen: Wollen wir ein Erziehungsgeld für Mütter erstreiten oder bessere Kindergärten? Wollen wir eine Frauenquote in der Politik oder uns außerparlamentarisch engagieren? Wollen wir den gewerkschaftlichen Kampf um Löhne und Tarifabkommen stärken oder soll die Forderung nach Grundeinkommen ins Zentrum? Und wie steht es mit Lernen, Entwicklung, Kultur - oder haben wir jetzt keine Zeit dafür, weil es Dringlicheres gibt wie Krieg, Hunger, Umweltkatastrophen? Im Fokus von Frigga Haugs "Vier-in-einem-Perspektive" steht die Utopie einer gerechten Verteilung von Erwerbsarbeit, Familienarbeit, Gemeinwesensarbeit und Entwicklungschancen. Sie entwickelt einen Kompass, der die vier Bereiche auf einen Zusammenhang orientiert und in dieser Bündelung zugleich "realpolitisch" und emanzipatorisch-gesellschaftsverändernd ist.
Category: Frauenemanzipation

Building Ecology

Author : Peter Graham
ISBN : 9781405147545
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.25 MB
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Buildings consume 40% of our planet’s materials and 30% of its energy. Their construction uses up to three million tonnes of raw materials a year and generates 20% of the soild waste stream. If we want to survive our urban future, there is no option but to build in ways which improve the health of ecosystems. Understanding the concept of ecological sustainability and translating it into practice as sustainable development is a key challenge for today’s built environment professionals. The skill and vision of those who shape our cities and homes is vital to achieving sustainable solutions to the many environmental, economic and social problems we face on a local, national and global scale. Peter Graham offers here a holistic view of ecologically sustainable building by drawing on established areas of knowledge, demonstrating their relevance to the environmentally-conscious building professional and putting the process, product and impact of building into context. Case studies illustrate how sustainable principles have been applied successfully and discussion topics are offered to stimulate thought. Building Ecology will help planners, surveyors, designers and builders to incorporate sustainability into their everyday practice by: · showing which styles of building are ecologically sustainable · providing fundamental knowledge for making decisions using the principles of ecologically sustainable building · explaining a complex subject in a clear, balanced way. Building Ecology sets out the current scientific view of how nature works and how buildings link with and affect nature. It provides fundamental knowledge for building in harmony with nature and keeping Earth’s life-supporting ecosystems healthy.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Green Politics

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1156488125
Genre :
File Size : 47.8 MB
Format : PDF
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 69. Chapters: Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, Radical environmentalism, Green anarchism, Ecofeminism, Blue-green alliance, Red-green alliance, Eco-socialism, Deep ecology, Greenwashing, Free-market environmentalism, No Pressure, Degrowth, Ecocentrism, Hardline, Ecofascism, Green libertarianism, Bright green environmentalism, Technogaianism, Labor-Green Accord, Whole Earth Discipline, Cooperation and Development Network Eastern Europe, Tasmanian power referendum, 1981, Green conservatism, Green Institute Foundation, Eco-capitalism, Deep Green Resistance, Ariel Salleh, Rainbow Group, World People's Conference on Climate Change, Kristin Johannsen, Green European Foundation, Green state, Technocentrism, Fundi, The Green Group in the European Parliament, Green syndicalism, Agrarian socialism, Eaarth, Carbon Trade Watch, Green left, Heinrich B ll Foundation, Environmental parliament, Respect diversity, Redwood Summer, Positive environmentalism, Green lending, Green municipalism, Green Zionism. Excerpt: Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of Marxism, socialism, green politics, ecology and alter-globalization. Eco-socialists generally believe that the expansion of the capitalist system is the cause of social exclusion, poverty, war and environmental degradation through globalization and imperialism, under the supervision of repressive states and transnational structures. Eco-socialists advocate the dismantling of capitalism and the state, focusing on collective ownership of the means of production by freely associated producers and restoration of the commons. Eco-socialists are critical of many past and existing forms of both Green politics and socialism. They are often described as Red Greens - adherents to Green politics with clear anti-capitalist views, often ...
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