Principles Of Geoarchaeology

Author : Michael R. Waters
ISBN : 0816517703
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.61 MB
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Geoarchaeological studies can significantly enhance interpretations of human prehistory by allowing archaeologists to decipher from sediments and soils the effects of earth processes on the evidence of human activity. While a number of previous books have provided broad geographic and temporal treatments of geoarchaeology, this new volume presents a single author's view intended for North American archaeologists. Waters deals with those aspects of geoarchaeologyÑstratigraphy, site formation processes, and landscape reconstructionÑmost fundamental to archaeology, and he focuses on the late Quaternary of North America, permitting in-depth discussions of the concepts directly applicable to that research. Assuming no prior geologic knowledge on the part of the reader, Waters provides a background in fundamental geological processes and the basic tools of geoarchaeology. He then proceeds to relate specific physical processes, microenvironments, deposits, and landforms associated with riverine, desert, lake, glacial, cave, coastal, and other environments to archaeological site formation, location, and context. This practical volume illustrates the contributions of geoarchaeological investigations and demonstrates the need to make such studies an integral part of archaeological research. The text is enhanced by more than a hundred line drawings and photographs. CONTENTS 1. Research Objectives of Geoarchaeology 2. Geoarchaeological Foundations: The Archaeological Site Matrix: Sediments and Soils / Stratigraphy / The Geoarchaeological Interpretation of Sediments, Soils, and Stratigraphy 3. Alluvial Environments: Streamflow / Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Alluvial Environments: Rivers, Arroyos, Terraces, and Fans / Alluvial Landscapes Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Alluvial Landscape Reconstruction 4. Eolian Environments: Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Sand Dunes / Loess and Dust / Stone Pavements / Eolian Erosion / Volcanic Ash (Tephra) 5. Springs, Lakes, Rockshelters, and Other Terrestrial Environments: Springs / Lakes / Slopes / Glaciers / Rockshelters and Caves 6. Coastal Environments: Coastal Processes / Late Quaternary Sea Level Changes / Coastal Environments / Coastal Landscape Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Coastal Landscape Reconstruction 7. The Postburial Disturbance af Archaeological Site Contexts: Cryoturbation / Argilliturbation / Graviturbation / Deformation / Other Physical Disturbances / Floralturbation / Faunalturbation 8. Geoarchaeological Research Appendix A: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating the Effects of Fluvial Landscape Evolution on the Archaeological Record Appendix B: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Site-Specific Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions Appendix C: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Regional Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions
Category: Science

Geological Methods For Archaeology

Author : Norman Herz
ISBN : 9780195090246
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.18 MB
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This book discusses the application of geological methods and theory to archaeology. Written as a survey text covering appropriate methods and techniques taken from geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and geochronology, it shows the student the practicality and importance of each technique's use in solving archaeological problems. Specific techniques are illustrated by practical results obtained from the authors' use on archaeological digs. With an international geographical scope, the book draws on sites from both hemispheres, including the Franchthi Cave in Greece, St. Catherines Island in the U.S., the Roman site of Drand in France, and Monte Verde, Chile. The authors also address applications in less traditional areas such as underwater, historical, industrial, and conservation archaeology.
Category: Social Science

The Way The Wind Blows

Author : Roderick J. McIntosh
ISBN : 9780231505789
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.51 MB
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Scientists and policymakers are beginning to understand in ever-increasing detail that environmental problems cannot be understood solely through the biophysical sciences. Environmental issues are fundamentally human issues and must be set in the context of social, political, cultural, and economic knowledge. The need both to understand how human beings in the past responded to climatic and other environmental changes and to synthesize the implications of these historical patterns for present-day sustainability spurred a conference of the world's leading scholars on the topic. The Way the Wind Blows is the rich result of that conference. Articles discuss the dynamics of climate, human perceptions of and responses to the environment, and issues of sustainability and resiliency. These themes are illustrated through discussions of human societies around the world and throughout history.
Category: Science

Behavioral Archaeology

Author : Michael B. Schiffer
ISBN : NWU:35556041259235
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.58 MB
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Behavioral archaeology offers a way of examining the past by highlighting human engagement with the material culture of the time. 'Behavioral Archaeology: Principles and Practice' offers a broad overview of the methods and theories used in this approach to archaeology. Opening with an overview of the history and key concepts, the book goes on to systematically cover both principles and practice: the philosophy of science and the scientific method; artifacts and human behavior; archaeological inference; formation processes of the archaeological record; technological change; behavioral change; and ritual and religion. Detailed case studies show the relevance of behavioral method and theory to the wider field of archaeological studies. The book will be invaluable to students of archaeology and anthropology.
Category: Social Science

M Todos Y T Cnicas De Investigaci N Hist Rica I

Author : PERÉX AGORRETA María Jesús (Coordinadora)
ISBN : 9788436265118
Genre : History
File Size : 38.9 MB
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Este libro constituye la herramienta de trabajo para cursar la asignatura de Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Histórica I del nuevo grado del EEES (Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior) en Geografía e Historia de la UNED, aunque también puede ser de utilidad para todos aquellos que estén interesados en cuestiones de metodología y de técnicas de investigación referidas a la Prehistoria, la Arqueología y la Historia Antigua. Con ella se pretende introducir a los estudiantes en lo que supone la metodología de la investigación histórica, mostrarles la problemática que plantean determinadas fuentes y proporcionales unas técnicas que les permitan el análisis y la comprensión de documentos históricos de muy diversa índole.
Category: History

Remote Sensing In Archaeology

Author : Jay K. Johnson
ISBN : 9780817353438
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.81 MB
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The coming of age of a technology first developed in the 1950s. All the money spent by the United States space program is not spent looking at the stars. NASA is composed of a vast and varied network of scientists across the academic spectrum involved in research and development programs that have wide application on planet Earth. Several of the leaders in the field of remote sensing and archaeology were recently brought together for a NASA-funded workshop in Biloxi, Mississippi. The workshop was organized specifically to show these archaeologists and cultural resource managers how close we are to being able to “see” under the dirt in order to know where to excavate before ever putting a shovel in the ground. As the book that resulted from this workshop demonstrates, this fantasy is quickly becoming a reality. In this volume, eleven archaeologists reveal how the broad application of remote sensing, and especially geophysical techniques, is altering the usual conduct of dirt archaeology. Using case studies that both succeeded and failed, they offer a comprehensive guide to remote sensing techniques on archaeological sites throughout North America. Because this new technology is advancing on a daily basis, the book is accompanied by a CD intended for periodic update that provides additional data and illustrations. with contributions by: R. Berle Clay, Lawrence B. Conyers, Rinita A. Dalan, Marco Giardino, Thomas J. Green, Michael L. Hargrave, Bryan S. Haley, Jay K. Johnson, Kenneth L. Kvamme, J. J. Lockhart, Lewis Somers
Category: Social Science

Archaeological Remote Sensing In North America

Author : Duncan P. McKinnon
ISBN : 9780817319595
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.62 MB
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"The use of archaeological remote sensing applications to address academic and applied research problems is growing at a tremendous rate in North America. Fueling this growth are new research approaches using innovative instrumentation technologies and data collection methods. Increasingly, researchers pursuing these new approaches are integrating remote sensing data collection with theory-based interpretations to address anthropological questions within larger research programs. This work is a must-have, up-to-date volume for today's archaeologists. The book includes numerous applications of remote sensing in North American contexts that exemplify the methodological developments and increase of theory-based archaeological remote sensing interpretation and presentation theoretical developments that have occurred since 2006. It covers the major remote sensing methods and their integration with relevant technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS) and GPS. Targeted to practitioners of archaeological remote sensing as well as students, this suite of current and exemplary applications adheres to high standards for methodology, processing, presentation, and interpretation"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Social Science