Settlement Dynamics And Human Landscape Interaction In The Dry Steppes Of Syria

Author : Daniele Morandi Bonacossi
ISBN : 3447101660
Genre : History
File Size : 78.86 MB
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This volume is the result of a workshop convened in Warsaw on May 3-4, 2012 as part of the 8th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, with the aim of reinvigorating discussion on agro-pastoralist and specialised hunter societies living at the semi-arid and dry fringes of Syria's stable, long-term settlement zone.The seventeen papers gathered here present the results of the most important international field research projects of recent decades dedicated to the interdisciplinary exploration of the dry steppe regions of Syria: the arid margins of northern Syria, the Palmyra, Jebel Bishri, and the Middle Euphrates and Khabur regions. At the core of the articles are crucial issues discussed in a longue duree perspective ranging from the Neolithic to the Early Islamic period, such as the chronology of steppe cultures in Syria, the emergence of specialized mobile pastoral and hunting communities and their social organization, the management of water, the adaptation of subsistence strategies to increasing aridity, landscape change and its interaction with human activity, and the urban narrative on pastoral societies offered by Bronze and Iron Age cuneiform sources.
Category: History

Megadrought And Collapse

Author : Harvey Weiss
ISBN : 9780190660277
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.69 MB
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Megadrought and Collapse is the first book to treat in one volume the current paleoclimatic and archaeological evidence of megadrought events coincident with major prehistoric and historical examples of societal collapse. Previous works have offered multi-causal explanations for collapse, from overpopulation, overexploitation of resources, and warfare to poor leadership and failure to adapt to environmental changes. In earlier synthetic studies of major instances of collapse, the full force of climate change has often not been considered. This volume includes nine case studies that span the globe and stretch over fourteen thousand years, from the paleolithic hunter-gatherer collapse of the 12th millennium BC to the 15th century AD fall of the Khmer capital at Angkor. Together, the studies constitute a primary sourcebook in which principal investigators in archaeology and paleoclimatology present their original research. Each case study juxtaposes the latest paleoclimatic evidence of megadrought (so-called for its severity and its decades - to centuries-long duration) with available archaeological records of synchronous societal collapse. The megadrought data are derived from all five archival paleoclimate proxy sources: speleothems (cave stalagmites), tree rings, and lake, marine, and glacial cores. The archaeological records in each case are the most recently retrieved. With Megadrought and Collapse, Harvey Weiss and his team of expert contributors have assembled an authoritative investigation that is certain to engage environmental history readers across disciplines in the sciences and social sciences.
Category: Social Science

A Political History Of The Arameans

Author : K. Lawson Younger Jr.
ISBN : 9781628370843
Genre : History
File Size : 51.40 MB
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An up-to-date analysis of the history of the ancient Near East and the Arameans K. Lawson Younger Jr. presents a political history of the Arameans from their earliest origins to the demise of their independent entities. The book investigates their tribal structures, the development of their polities, and their interactions with other groups in the ancient Near East. Younger utilizes all of the available sources to develop a comprehensive picture of this complex, yet highly important, people whose influence and presence spanned the Fertile Cresent. Features: The best, recent understanding of tribal political structures, aspects of mobile pastoralism, and models of migration A regional rather than a monolithic approach to the rise of Aramean polities Thorough integration of the complex relationships and interactions of the Arameans with the Luwians, the Assyrians, the Israelites, and others
Category: History

History Politics And The Bible From The Iron Age To The Media Age

Author : James G. Crossley
ISBN : 9780567670618
Genre : Religion
File Size : 85.63 MB
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As biblical studies becomes increasingly fragmented, this collection of essays brings together a number of leading scholars in order to show how historical reconstruction, philology, metacriticism, and reception history can be part of a collective vision for the future of the field. This collection of essays focuses more specifically on critical questions surrounding the construction of ancient Israel(s), 'minimalism', the ongoing significance of lexicography, the development of early Judaism, orientalism, and the use of the Bible in contemporary political discourses. Contributors include John van Seters, Niels Peter Lemche, Ingrid Hjelm, and Philip R. Davies.
Category: Religion

Les Toponymes Pal O Babyloniens De La Haute M Sopotamie

Author : Nele Ziegler
ISBN : 9782722604506
Genre : Reference
File Size : 45.60 MB
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Le premier volume des Matériaux pour l'étude de la toponymie et de la topographie (MTT) représente un des résultats de la coopération franco-allemande concernant la géographie historique de la Haute-Mésopotamie au IIe millénaire avant notre ère. Les trois tomes livrent les données archéologiques et textuelles en préalable à l’étude de l'histoire politique et sociale de la région. Ces trois volumes sont également disponibles en version papier publiée par la Sépoa. Le présent ouvrage MTT I/1 livre les attestations contenues dans les textes, une bibliographie sélective ainsi qu'un commentaire synthétique pour près de 700 toponymes situés en Haute-Mésopotamie à l’époque paléo-babylonienne. Pour certains d’entre eux, leurs identifications avec des toponymes de la documentation médio-assyrienne ou avec des sites archéologiques sont proposées et dirigent l’utilisateur vers les volumes MTT I/2 et I/3.
Category: Reference

Leben In Der Amurritischen Welt

Author : Brit Kärger
ISBN : 344710130X
Genre : History
File Size : 84.28 MB
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English summary: The palace archives of Mari which provide insights into the internal perspective of the Amorites who, according to ancient written sources, were living along the central Euphrates River and its tributaries during the 3rd and 2 Millennium BC, can certainly be counted amongst the treasures of world history. The archive's records end with the destruction of the once powerful trading metropolis and royal residence of Mari at the hands of Hammurabi of Babylon. Most of the documents date from the period around 1810 to 1762 BC, yet despite the relatively short period of time covered the texts written in Akkadian provide detailed insights into the Amoritian world and day to day life while also representing one of the most important ancient sources for the study of nomads in the Middle East. This study is based on the analysis of about 800 texts containing information on the Amorites-Sim al, Yamin, Sutu, Yamut-ba-al and Num a- and the Anaean tribes. The main focus is on a detailed summary of these tribes, including their organization, their settlements and places of work, their economic strategies and the interaction between nomads and settlers, as well as the relationship between the individual tribes and their contacts with the major powers of the ancient Middle Eastern world. German description: Zu den Schatzen der Weltgeschichte gehort zweifellos das Palastarchiv von Mari, das es ermoglicht, Informationen aus der Binnenperspektive der nach antiken Schriftquellen im 3. und 2. Jt. v.Chr. am Mittleren Euphrat und an seinen Nebenflussen beheimateten amurritischen Bevolkerung zu gewinnen. Die Aufzeichnungen des Archivs enden mit der Zerstorung der einst machtigen Handelsmetropole und Herrscherresidenz Mari durch hammurabi von Babylon. Grosstenteils stammen die Dokumente aus der Zeit um 1810-1762 v.Chr, doch trotz der relativ kurzen Zeitspanne geben die in akkadischer Sprache verfassten Texte einen detaillierten Einblick in die amurritische Lebenswelt und stellen gleichzeitig eine der wichtigsten antiken Quellen fur den Nachweis von Nomaden im Vorderen Orient dar. Die vorliegende Arbeit basiert auf der Auswertung von ca. 800 Texten, die Angaben zu den Stammen der Amurriter - Sim al, Yamin, Sutu, Yamut-ba-al und Num a - und den anaern enthalten. Das Hauptaugenmerk liegt auf der detaillierten Darstellung der Stamme, zu der die Organisation, die Siedlungs- und Nutzungsraume, die okonomischen Strategien und das Zusammenspiel von Nomaden und Sesshaften ebenso gehoren wie auch die Beziehungen der Stamme untereinander und die Kontakte zu den Grossmachten der altorientalischen Welt.
Category: History

Mittelassyrische Urkunden Aus Dem Archiv Assur 14446

Author : Hervé Reculeau
ISBN : 3447068124
Genre : History
File Size : 66.16 MB
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Mit dem Band von Herve Reculeau und Barbara Feller wird ein weiterer Bestand mittelassyrischer Urkunden aus Assur zuganglich gemacht. Die hierin enthaltenen Texte gehoren zu den fruhesten mittelassyrischen Urkunden aus der Stadt Assur und auch aus dem ubrigen assyrischen Raum und stammen aus der Zeit zwischen dem Ende des 15. und der ersten Halfte des 13. Jahrhunderts. Es handelt sich weitgehend um private Rechtsurkunden, die Teil eines umfangreichen Urkundenbestandes sind, der von Familien aus vier aufeinander folgenden Generationen stammt. Wie in den bisherigen Banden werden zusammen mit den Autografien der Urkunden die gut 100 abgerollten Siegel in einem ausfuhrlichen Siegelkatalog beschrieben und fotografisch und zeichnerisch dokumentiert. Soweit moglich werden auch die Namen der Siegelnden identifiziert. Erst die gemeinsame Publikation der Rechts- und Verwaltungsurkunden mit ihren Siegelabrollungen ermoglicht ein besseres Verstandnis der Verwendung von Siegeln in der Rechtspraxis und im Verwaltungshandeln sowie der Verantwortlichkeiten fur administrative Vorgange.
Category: History

Sch Tze Des Alten Syrien

Author :
ISBN : 380622272X
Genre : Al Mashrafah (Syria)
File Size : 82.2 MB
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Category: Al Mashrafah (Syria)

Knotenpunkt Byzanz

Author : Andreas Speer
ISBN : 9783110272314
Genre : History
File Size : 66.64 MB
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This volume casts a new light on Byzantium as a geographical and cultural intersection. For nearly a millennium, Byzantium was an important crossroads where cultures, people, and institutions from the entire Mediterranean area came together. Key subjects of interest explored by this volume include reciprocal cultural and epistemic processes of reception and transformation and the forms of knowledge associated with them.
Category: History