The Selection Of Political Party Leaders In Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies

Author : Jean-Benoit Pilet
ISBN : 9781317929451
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54.24 MB
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This book explores the ways in which political parties, in contemporary parliamentary democracies, choose their leaders and then subsequently hold them accountable. The authors provide a comprehensive examination of party leadership selection and accountability both through examination of parties and countries in different institutional settings and through a holistic analysis of the role of party leaders and the methods through which they assume, and exit, the office. The collection includes essays on Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Norway and the United Kingdom which have important differences in their party systems, their degree of democratization, the role assigned to party leaders and their methods of leadership selection. Each country examination provides significant data relating to party rules and norms of leadership selection, leadership tenures and leadership contests. The book concludes with a chapter that merges the country data analyses to provide a truly comparative examination of the theoretical questions underlying the volume. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of legislative studies, elections, democracy, political parties, party systems, political elites and comparative politics.
Category: Political Science

The Politics Of Party Leadership

Author : Jean-Benoit Pilet
ISBN : 9780198748984
Genre : Cabinet system
File Size : 21.75 MB
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This book is about the ways in which political parties choose their leaders and the implications of the different choices they make. Party leaders serve in the most important political positions (including prime minister) and this book is the first comprehensive and comparative analysis of their selection methods. The study examines leadership selection in more than 100 parties from 14 countries over five decades. Subjects examined include when and why partieschange their selection rules, the competitiveness of leadership elections, the types of leaders chosen, the length of leadership tenures, the reasons for leadership terminations, and the effect ofleadership change on electoral fortunes.
Category: Cabinet system

Politics At The Centre

Author : William P. Cross
ISBN : 9780199596720
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.91 MB
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Politics at the Centre studies the ways in which political parties select and remove their leaders in five parliamentary democracies: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. It addresses the subject through cross national comparison of 25 parties in these countries from 1965 to the present day.
Category: Political Science

Five Year Mission

Author : Tim Bale
ISBN : 9780191007477
Genre : History
File Size : 85.29 MB
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In May 2010, Labour suffered one of its worst ever election defeats. A few months later it chose Ed Miliband as its new leader. His task? To win back power after just one term in opposition - a tall order given how many voters had come to blame Labour for the economic mess the country was in, and to see the party as a soft-touch when it came to immigration and welfare. Even those who were more sympathetic had their doubts. Was Ed Miliband really leadership material? Would he be able to overcome defeating his elder brother to get to the top? Would he have to do as he was told by the trade union leaders who had helped him win? Could he resolve the tensions between Blairites and Brownites, Blue Labour and New Labour? Might his desire to keep his colleagues united mean Labour stayed stuck in its comfort zone? Would he, in seeking to break from the party's recent past, take it too far to the left? Could he offer the electorate something really radical in 2015 or would he instead choose something safer but ultimately less inspiring? And what should twenty-first social democracy look like now that the money had run out? This book, by one of the country's foremost experts on party politics, seeks to answer all those questions and, in the run up to the 2015 general election, to ask one more: will Ed Miliband's five year mission turn out to be 'mission impossible'?
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Leadership

Author : R. A. W. Rhodes
ISBN : 9780191645860
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.61 MB
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Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—as the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.
Category: Political Science

The Challenges Of Intra Party Democracy

Author : William P. Cross
ISBN : 9780199661879
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22.3 MB
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The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy provides a comprehensive examination of the costs and benefits of intra-party democracy and the issues parties must contend with in setting their own organizational norms.
Category: Political Science

Political Leaders Beyond Party Politics

Author : Fortunato Musella
ISBN : 9783319593487
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.83 MB
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This book studies party leaders from selection to post-presidency. Based on data covering a large set of Western countries, and focusing on the trends of personalisation of politics, the volume is one of the first empirical investigations into how party leaders are elected, how long they stay in office, and whether they enter and guide democratic governments. It also provides novel data on how leaders end their career in a broad and diverse range of business activities. Topics covered include political leaders’ increasing autonomy, their reinforcement of popular legitimation, often through the introduction of direct election by party rank and file, and their grip on party organization. The book will appeal to students and scholars interested in political parties, political leadership, the transformation of democracy, and comparative politics.
Category: Political Science

Party Politics In Japan

Author : Ronald J. Hrebenar
ISBN : 9781317745969
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.74 MB
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The Japanese political system is a parliamentary democracy and was the first western style government in Asia when the parliamentary system was adopted in the 1880s. It has a multiparty system, free elections, and a parliament that functions much the same way that any other democratic parliament functions, however for much of its existence the Japanese party system has been dominated by one party. This fact is crucial to understanding contemporary politics in Japan, especially since the long term ruling party, the Liberal Democratic Party, is once again back in power. This book presents an up-to-date analysis of the political parties that make up the Japanese party system and their impact on Japanese politics and government. Given that the executive branch is selected as a result of the pattern of party numbers in the parliament, to understand Japanese politics and policy, one must first know the nature of the ruling and opposition parties and their leaders. Indeed, in the past decade the quality of Japan’s government has been closely associated with the strengths and weaknesses of Japan’s prime ministers and the dominant party in the system. This book focuses on a central question: why Japanese politics and government has been so dysfunctional in the past two decades? With this question in mind, the chapters provide key background information on Japanese politics and political parties; discuss each of the major political parties that have governed Japan since 1955; and finally, examine the December 2012 House of Representatives elections that returned the LDP to power, and the differences between the First (1955-1993) and the Second Post War Party Systems (1993- ). Party Politics in Japan provides a comprehensive analysis of the past sixty years of Japanese party politics. As such, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of Japanese politics and Asian politics, as well as to those interested in political parties and political systems more broadly.
Category: Political Science

Beyond Party Members

Author : Susan E. Scarrow
ISBN : 9780199661862
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.6 MB
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This book offers a broad-based overview of an important and ongoing transformation in relations between political parties and their closest supporters. Focussing on established parliamentary democracies in Europe and elsewhere, it shows how the changing nature of party membership is affecting how political parties define themselves, and the choices that they present to voters.
Category: Political Science

Women And Power In Parliamentary Democracies

Author : Rebecca Howard Davis
ISBN : 0803217072
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43.17 MB
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Margaret Thatcher, Mary Robinson, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Edith Cresson, and Simone Veil?these contemporary world leaders are as noteworthy for their gender as they are for the political directions they have provided. Indeed, female government leaders are so rare as to be almost an intellectual curiosity. ø Why is this the case? Why do women, who make up more than half of the world?s population, occupy so few positions at the highest levels of political power? Why are women making inroads in government in some countries while not in others? And what difference does women?s presence?or absence?make in terms of policy outcomes? ø Davis addresses these questions by examining women?s access to power through appointive channels in Western European parliamentary and parliamentary-type systems. Tracing women?s participation from 1968 to 1992 in fifteen countries, she accounts for the variation from high levels of women?s representation in Norway and Sweden to low levels in Italy and Britain. ø Little research on women and elections extends beyond the United States and Britain. Even less exists on women?s access to power through appointive channels. By comparatively examining the elite recruitment of women through appointments, this work fills a critical gap.
Category: Political Science