World Politics

Author : Jeffry A. Frieden
ISBN : 0393912388
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76.81 MB
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A contemporary, problem-oriented approach to international relations.
Category: Political Science

Das Egoistische Gen

Author : Richard Dawkins
ISBN : 9783642553912
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.22 MB
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Category: Science

Die Verfassung Der Allmende

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 316146916X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.95 MB
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English summary: The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatization of resources have been advocated, but neither the state nor the market has been uniformly successful in solving common-pool resource problems. After critiquing the foundations of policy analysis as applied to natural resources, Elinor Ostrom here provides a unique body of empirical data to explore the conditions under which common-pool resource problems have been satisfactorily solved. Elinor Ostrom first describes three models most frequently used as the foundation for recommending state or market solutions. She then outlines theoretical and empirical alternatives to these models in order to illustrate the diversity of possible solutions. German description: In ihrem [...] Buch packt Elinor Ostrom eines der zahesten und umstrittensten Probleme der empirischen politischen Okonomie an: Lasst sich, und wenn ja wie, die Erschliessung von Allmenderessourcen so organisieren, dass sie weder ubernutzt werden noch allzu hohe Verwaltungskosten entstehen? Nach einer haufig unter Okonomen vertretenen Ansicht sind Ressourcen, die von vielen Individuen gemeinsam bewirtschaftet werden [...] erst ausbeutbar, wenn das Problem der Ubernutzung entweder durch Privatisierung oder durch eine externe Sanktionsinstanz gelost ist. Ostrom dagegen weist uberzeugend nach, dass andere Losungen existieren und sich stabile selbstverwaltete Institutionen schaffen lassen, sobald gewisse Probleme der Institutionenbereitstellung, glaubwurdigen Selbstverpflichtung und Regeluberwachung gelost sind. Ihre detaillierte Studie eines einzigartig breiten Spektrums von Fallbeispielen befasst sich unter anderem mit Hochgebirgsweiden in Japan und der Schweiz, Wasserprojekten auf den Philippinen und in Kalifornien [...] Gestutzt auf eine vergleichende Analyse der Ursachen erfolgreicher und gescheiterter Selbstverwaltung, beschreibt Ostrom etliche grundlegende Merkmale erfolgreicher Projekte der Bewirtschaftung von Allmenderessourcen und schliesst mit einer Aufforderung an andere Sozialwissenschaftler, ihr auf dem eingeschlagenen theoretischen Weg zu folgen. Douglass C. North im Geleitwort
Category: Political Science

Fairy Tales And International Relations

Author : Kathryn Starnes
ISBN : 9781315521961
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23.94 MB
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This book offers a critical engagement with contemporary IR textbooks via a novel folklorist approach. Two parts of the folklorist approach are developed, addressing story structures via resemblances to two fairy tales, and engaging with the role of authors via framing gestures. The book not only looks at how the idea of ‘social science’ may persist in textbooks as many assumptions about what it means to study IR, but also at how these assumptions are written into the defining stories textbooks tell and the possibilities for (re)negotiating these stories and the boundaries of the discipline. This book will specifically engage with how the stories in textbooks constrain how it is possible to define IR through its (re)production as a social science discipline. In the first part, story structures are explored via Donkeyskin and Bluebeard stories which the book argues resemble some structures in textbooks that define how it is permissible to tell stories about IR. In the second part the role of authors is explored via their framing gestures within a text, drawing on a number of fairy tales. By approaching the stories in textbooks alongside fairy tales, Starnes reflects back onto IR the disciplining practices in the stories textbooks tell by rendering them unfamiliar. Aiming to spark a critical conversation about the role of textbooks in defining the boundaries of what counts as IR and by extension the boundaries of the IR canon, this book is of great interest to students and scholars of international relations.
Category: Political Science

Wohlstand Und Armut Der Nationen

Author : David Landes
ISBN : 9783641051112
Genre : History
File Size : 34.33 MB
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.
Category: History

The Ideas Industry

Author : Daniel Drezner
ISBN : 9780190264611
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.1 MB
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The public intellectual, as a person and ideal, has a long and storied history. Writing in venues like the New Republic and Commentary, such intellectuals were always expected to opine on a broad array of topics, from foreign policy to literature to economics. Yet in recent years a new kind of thinker has supplanted that archetype: the thought leader. Equipped with one big idea, thought leaders focus their energies on TED talks rather than highbrow periodicals. How did this shift happen? In The Ideas Industry, Daniel W. Drezner points to the roles of political polarization, heightened inequality, and eroding trust in authority as ushering in the change. In contrast to public intellectuals, thought leaders gain fame as single-idea merchants. Their ideas are often laudable and highly ambitious: ending global poverty by 2025, for example. But instead of a class composed of university professors and freelance intellectuals debating in highbrow magazines, thought leaders often work through institutions that are closed to the public. They are more immune to criticism--and in this century, the criticism of public intellectuals also counts for less. Three equally important factors that have reshaped the world of ideas have been waning trust in expertise, increasing political polarization and plutocracy. The erosion of trust has lowered the barriers to entry in the marketplace of ideas. Thought leaders don't need doctorates or fellowships to advance their arguments. Polarization is hardly a new phenomenon in the world of ideas, but in contrast to their predecessors, today's intellectuals are more likely to enjoy the support of ideologically friendly private funders and be housed in ideologically-driven think tanks. Increasing inequality as a key driver of this shift: more than ever before, contemporary plutocrats fund intellectuals and idea factories that generate arguments that align with their own. But, while there are certainly some downsides to the contemporary ideas industry, Drezner argues that it is very good at broadcasting ideas widely and reaching large audiences of people hungry for new thinking. Both fair-minded and trenchant, The Ideas Industry will reshape our understanding of contemporary public intellectual life in America and the West.
Category: Social Science

Global Governance

Author : Timothy Sinclair
ISBN : 9780745656434
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37.19 MB
Format : PDF
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In today’s uncertain world, the concept of global governance has never been more relevant or widely discussed. But what does this elusive idea really mean, and why has it become so important? This pacey introduction sheds new light on the issues involved, offering readers a comprehensive account of competing conceptions of global governance, and evaluating the ways in which rival theories strive to make sense of our complex world. In a series of short, accessible chapters, Timothy Sinclair guides readers through the key perspectives on this crucial topic. In each, he assesses a range of actors and assumptions using real world issues - from global financial crisis and climate change to the politics of gender relations - to show how questions of global governance carry quite specific implications for the everyday lives of people in different parts of the world. Supplemented by thought-provoking ‘problems to consider’, as well as annotated reading guides at the end of each section, the book equips students to make up their own minds which approach or approaches might be cogent and for what purposes. Written with verve and clarity, this compelling introduction brings problems of global governance to life ably showing why and how they are both relevant and compelling for all citizens in the 21st century.
Category: Political Science

Macht Und Frieden

Author : Hans J. Morgenthau
ISBN : 3571059468
Genre : International relations
File Size : 62.93 MB
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Category: International relations

Poor Economics

Author : Abhijit Banerjee
ISBN : 3442749751
Genre :
File Size : 88.79 MB
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